We created specialist policies for hospitals and clinicians, supported by carefully selected UK underwriters, so we can offer exceptional coverage, coupled with excellent financial security.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is now the preferred term for what used to be called “acute renal failure”. It is defined by an acute change in kidney function determined either by changes in the serum creatinine or reduction in the urine output into the oliguria range.
It is imperative that if hyponatraemia is suspected or diagnosed that clinicians provide appropriate care by arranging appropriate investigations, arranging a referral to an appropriate specialist such as an endocrinologist and/or admitting the patient to hospital for treatment.
Caudal epidural injections run the risks of infection, bleeding, nerve injury and intraspinal injection. These risks are higher when patients are on antiplatelet agents and Rivaroxaban, and such should be considered with the patient during the consenting process.